- • Financial institutions may experience 384 data breaches with fines as high as €260m per breach
- • European regulations such as PSD2, ePR and AMLD4/5 will compound the issue by opening additional liabilities
- • Report urges banks to focus on breach response readiness to mitigate this risk
A new report from Consult Hyperion, commissioned by AllClear ID, forecasts that European financial institutions could face fines totalling €4.7 billion in the first three years under the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). This forecast is conservative and excludes compensation claims, costs associated with lost customers, damaged reputations and senior executive resignations.
The report GDPR: Banks, Breaches and Billion Euro Fines forecasts the number of data breaches in the European financial services sector over the next three years and corresponding fines under GDPR.
Data Breach Forecast and GDPR Fines
Type of bank
Total number of banks
Forecast average fine (millions)
Estimated fines (millions)
Total Year One = €1,554m
Total Over Three Years = €4,662m
Under GDPR financial penalties for a data breach are substantial. Institutions can receive fines of up to 2% of the previous year’s global annual revenues for a first offence and 4% for repeat offences where the regulator has previously ordered remedial action. There are also possible criminal penalties for executives deemed responsible.
GDPR’s 72-hour breach notification requirement means managing and responding to a data breach in an open and effective manner is critical. Regulators have significant discretion in the level of penalties they can levy, and are required to take planning, customer notification and mitigation into account in the decision.
“The highest risk item in the GDPR is the 72-hour breach notification requirement, and banks are not mitigating this,” said Tim Richards, Principal Consultant, Consult Hyperion. “Data breaches are an unfortunate fact of life for financial institutions, and our analysis suggests that there have been no fewer than 27 data breach incidents among European Tier 1 banks in the last decade, with some banks as multiple offenders, potentially liable for fines at the 4% level. This indicates an 8% chance that any Tier 1 bank will suffer a data breach in any given year. These figures, we believe, are conservative, and banks are not prepared for the consequences under GDPR.”
To compound the issue, new European regulations such as PSD2, ePR and AMLD4/5 will mandate institutions hold more data and make it available over open interfaces, just when data loss becomes especially dangerous.
With less than a year before GDPR goes live the report advises banks to take urgent action to meet GDPR and other legislative requirements to avoid financial and reputational loss.
The report offers pragmatic advice to financial institutions to mitigate the risk of a data breach and ensure compliance. Three key crucial elements are required - the expertise to deal with breach-specific issues including identity theft, the specialised manpower to handle the volume of queries generated when the breach is publicised, and the infrastructure for secure communication channels to notify customers.
“A poorly managed customer notification in the wake of a breach makes you look like a fool. Financial institutions are myopically focused on preventative measures, ignoring the importance of the resilience. History tells us that companies that have dealt with data breaches poorly have seen loss of customers, reduced earnings and board level resignations, while those with a prepared plan and a managed response have sidestepped these issues,” said Bo Holland, CEO, AllClear ID. “GDPR raises the stakes even higher. With only 72 hours to react, financial institutions that have not invested in response readiness will face the most serious fines and collateral business damage.”
The figures were compiled from an analysis of historic data breach figures, adjusted for the size of financial institution. GDPR sanction levels were then applied to the data. It was assumed that breaches were at the lower end of the GDPR fine scale, which is €10m or 2% of global annual turnover.
The full report can be downloaded here.
Founded in 2004, AllClear ID is the world leader in Customer Security, providing data breach advisory and response services to businesses that aim to protect their greatest asset: customers. As a trusted partner with more than 10 years of specialized experience in data breach response, AllClear ID has helped thousands of businesses prepare for, respond to, and recover from data breaches, including successfully managing the three largest and most complex breach responses in history. The award-winning AllClear ID team is recognised for its expertise, customer service, and guaranteed deployment of large scale response operations in as little as 72-hours.
AllClear ID has expanded to Europe following its acquisition of Norwegian mobile authentication specialist Encap Security. Their combined expertise helps European businesses comply with the new customer security requirements in GDPR and Payment Services Directive 2.
Consult Hyperion is an independent strategic and technical consultancy based in the UK and US, specialising in secure electronic transactions. We help organisations around the world exploit new technology for secure electronic payments and identity transaction services from mobile payments and “chip and PIN” to contactless ticketing and federated identity. Our aim is to assist customers in reaching their goals in a timely and cost-effective way. We support the deployment of practical solutions using the most appropriate technologies and have globally recognised expertise at every step in the electronic transaction value chain, from authentication, access and networks, to transactional systems and applications